Suffering from a toothache or tooth trauma can be an extremely painful experience. Toothache also known as dental pain is pain in the teeth and/or their supporting structures, caused by dental diseases or pain referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases.
A toothache or tooth pain is most often caused when the nerve to a tooth is irritated, but there are numerous other reasons for a person to experience tooth pain. Risk factors for toothache include dental infection, gum disease, plaque, dental decay, injury, cracked teeth, poorly placed fillings.
No matter how careful you are about your oral care routine, at some point in your life you will probably experience the discomfort of a toothache. Though a cavity is the most likely culprit, it is only one of several possible causes of toothaches.
If you are experiencing sharp pains when eating or drinking hot or cold foods, it could mean you have a cavity. It may also be a sign that you may have sensitive teeth, either from receding gums or from a thinning of your tooth enamel.
Symptoms of a toothache may include:
Tooth pain that may be sharp, throbbing, or constant. In some people, pain results only when pressure is applied to the tooth.
Swelling around the tooth
Fever or headache
Foul-tasting drainage from the infected tooth
When to see your dentist
Toothaches are not always severe. Intermittent pain may seem like just an inconvenience and not worth an immediate call to the dental office, but waiting until the pain becomes worse is rarely the best option. Whatever the type and severity of your tooth pain, it is best to call your dentist and make an appointment as soon as possible about your toothache if:
You have a toothache that lasts longer than 1 or 2 days
Trouble breathing or swallowing
You have a fever, earache, or pain upon opening your mouth wide
Pain may be present at the angle of the jaw.