The ongoing cholera epidemic in the country has killed 116 persons with 13,009 suspected cases recorded in 12 states since the beginning of the year.
The states are: Adamawa, Anambra, Bauchi, Borno, Kano, Kaduna, Kogi, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Yobe and Zamfara.
A situation report from the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) indicated that Bauchi State has the highest cases of 8,413, followed by Adamawa with 1,325 and Borno with 1,212 cases.
However, Zamfara has 729 cases, Yobe (449), Kano (372), Plateau (236), Kaduna (113), Niger (109), Anambra (23), Kogi (20) and Nasarawa (eight).
The NCDC reported that of the 13,009 suspected cases, 135 were confirmed from the laboratory, noting that the overall Case Fatality Rate (CFR) for all cases was 0.89 per cent with the most affected age groups of one to four (29.2 per cent) and five to 14 (24.8 per cent)
It noted that from available line-lists, the first reported cases were from Kano (January 1, 2018), Anambra (January 4, 2018), Borno (Febuary 13, 2018), Bauchi (Febuary 27, 2018), Kogi (June 4, 2018) and Niger (June 3, 2018).
According to the report, the multiagency cholera emergency operations centre (EOC) hosted by the NCDC continued to coordinate the response, saying this was the fourth situation report.
The NCDC further noted that a National Rapid Response Teams (RRT) had been deployed to support surveillance, case management, risk communication and laboratory testing in Bauchi, Zamfara and Plateau states.
It added that a public health advisory notes and risk communications messages on cholera have been disseminated, while response materials have been sent to Zamfara, Plateau, Bauchi, Benue, Kogi and Niger states.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) had explained that cholera was an acute diarrhoea disease that could kill within hours if left untreated.
Researchers have estimated that there were 1.3 million to 4.0 million cases of cholera and 21,000 to 143,000 deaths worldwide from the scourge yearly.
Most of those infected would have minor or no symptoms at all and could be successfully treated with oral rehydration solution, while severe cases would need rapid treatment with intravenous fluids and antibiotics, among other kinds of treatment.
A global strategy on cholera control with a target to reduce cholera deaths by 90 per cent was launched in 2017.
The Guardian News