In simple terms, dental erosion is the breakdown of your tooth surface, which can lead to tooth damage. Dental Enamel is the thin outer covering of the tooth. This tough shell is the hardest tissue in the human body. Sometimes coffee, tea, cola, red wine, fruit juices, and cigarettes stain the enamel on your teeth. Unlike a broken bone that can be repaired by the body, once a tooth chips or breaks, the damage is done forever. Because enamel has no living cells, the body cannot repair chipped or cracked enamel.
Tooth or dental erosion happens when acids wear away the enamel on teeth. Enamel erosion can be caused by the following:
Excessive soft drink consumption (high levels of phosphoric and citric acids)
Fruit drinks (some acids in fruit drinks are more erosive than battery acid)
Dry mouth or low salivary flow (xerostomia)
Diet (high in sugar and starches)
Acid reflux disease (GERD)
Medications (aspirin, antihistamines)
Genetics (inherited conditions)
Environmental factors (friction, wear and tear, stress, and corrosion)
What can you do about tooth erosion?
To reduce your chances of having tooth erosion, eliminate highly acidic foods from your diet or use a straw when having acidic drinks. To avoid tooth decay, try not to snack too much throughout the day. Chewing sugar-free gum can also boost the saliva production in your mouth.
Make sure you make a regular visit to your dentist for routine cleaning and polishing can help remove most surface stains and make sure your teeth stay healthy.