...Health info at your doorstep

HIV-Infected Babies in Nigeria, Highest In the World

Recent reports have it that Nigeria ranks topmost in terms of latest figures on HIV infected babies around the world. According to the Director General, National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA) Dr. Sani Aliyu, the challenge posed by stigmatisation of people living with HIV/AIDS, access to care services, busy nature of youths, and lack of comprehensive knowledge of the dreaded disease are among the factors encouraging the increase of HIV/AIDS among the youth in the country. In this cover story, PharmaTimes Editor, MORGAN NWANGUMA x-rays the predominant factors responsible for the appalling statistical tag hanging on Nigeria in the global ranking of nations with the highest prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS epidemic, after South Africa.

The United Nations Organisation’s latest report says half of new infections of HIV/AIDS in the West African sub region come from Nigeria! When this revelation is juxtaposed with another recent report that Nigeria also accounts for more HIV-infected new-borns – more than any nation in the world, it becomes easier to understand why the country still has about 3 million Nigerians who are living with the infection.
The pandemic, unknown to many has had, and continues to have destructive effects on the socio-economic fabrics of the country.

Need for education
Commentators in health are unanimous in their view that many people living with HIV in the country are unaware of their status. According to them, Nigeria has inadequate provision of the recommended number of HIV testing and counselling sites and this has given rise to escalating figures in the number of people living with HIV/AIDS.
To buttress this point, a medical expert, Dr. Aliyu in a recent interview on Channels TV monitored in Lagos, disclosed that over one million people are on treatment in the country while at the same time, it costs the country about N50,000 to keep a patient on treatment annually.
It would be recalled that many years back the general notion was that once you’re diagnosed with HIV it was a one way ticket to death; and in the early days it was actually so for most victims of the dreaded disease especially for those in less developed climes. But with improvement in social awareness and medication such as the antiretroviral drugs coupled with early detection, it has become evident that the victims can still lead a healthy life.
Obviously most of the victims of the disease are young people, hence the need for a coalition of young people who are living with the virus in the country. The Association of Positive Youths Living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria (APYIN) was eventually brought to birth in order to make care and support readily available to adolescents and youths living with the disease. It also seeks to empower them with sufficient knowledge on sexual reproductive health as well as rights issues and Positive health, dignity and Prevention.
In a recent forum the National Coordinator of APYIN, Mr. Isah Mohammed emphasised the need to remove stigma and encourage fellowship and bonding with fellow citizens living with the virus, while encouraging them to go for counselling. Mohammed stated that people living with the condition urgently require the requisite knowledge vis-à-vis the general populace regarding the need to check contracting the virus as well as re-infection.
The following information is also important to appreciate why Nigeria needs to re-double efforts in the renewed campaign against the dreaded disease.
Nigeria ranks second in HIV epidemic in the world, and also has one of the highest rates of new infection in sub-Saharan Africa.
Many still die of AIDS-related causes due to inadequate access to antiretroviral treatment in Nigeria.
Also, the country ranks fourth largest tuberculosis epidemic area in the world; HIV and TB co-infection is a growing source of worry for people living with HIV.
Available statistics show that just six states in the country (Kaduna, Akwa Ibom, Benue, Lagos, Oyo, and Kano) are responsible for 41% of people living with HIV. The South-South zone of the country is known to have the highest prevalence of HIV – at 5.5% while the South-East zone comes with the lowest prevalence rate of 1.8%. Generally, the disease occurs at a higher rate in rural areas which is 4%, than in urban settings being 3%.
In 2016 about 160,000 people died from AIDS-related illnesses in Nigeria. Since 2005, there has only been a minimal decline in the number of annual AIDS-related deaths, which goes to show that only 30% of those with the virus in the country are accessing antiretroviral treatment (ART).

Preventive measures
Since its inception in June of 2005, APYIN through the years has been coordinating efforts in sensitising the public and especially its members towards preventing further spread of HIV among young people and the general public. Its programmes touch on the social, economic, religious, and political challenges that have to do with sexuality and reproduction particularly as it concerns the youth.
APYIN highly considers in its activities the prevailing current of thoughts among the different genders as it networks with them within young people living with HIV/AIDS in the country. Its core values are centred on, encouraging adolescents and youths living with HIV (aged between 10-35 years) to get involved, and rubbing of minds on issues and programmes relating to young people living with HIV and AIDS in Nigeria.
In further ensuring the prevention of the dreaded killer virus, we need to fully understand as well the nature of the disease and the factors of environment and social behaviours that could make or mar the situation at hand.
Facts on Nigeria include that it has a mixed epidemic; this implies that although HIV prevalence among the general population is high, some groups still bear a far heavier load of HIV in contrast to the rest of the population. For example, prostitutes, homosexual men and people who inject drugs constitute merely 3.4% of the people; nevertheless they form approximately 32% of new HIV cases.

Homosexuality amongst men
The strange phenomenon of men having sex with men is one that is creating another growing concern in the bid to curtail and stamp out the infection, especially with the practice being regarded as unlawful. It is only in this case that we see a steady rise in HIV prevalence in Nigeria according to expert survey.
This group overtook prostitutes in 2016 as the most affected by the disease in the country, then with a prevalence rate of 23%. And most recent available statistics shows that 10% of all new HIV infections in the country occur among homosexual men.
But since such social behaviours as this have been outlawed it makes it more difficult for civil society organisations to work with LGBT communities thereby forcing men who have sex with But after all said and done, it is gladdening to hear from NACA that the law prohibiting the practice in Nigeria does not in any way stand to deny anybody in the country access to HIV treatment and other medical services.
Meanwhile the fact remains that unprotected heterosexual sex is responsible for 80% of new HIV infections in Nigeria, with the greater part of other HIV infections taking place in seriously affected groups like prostitutes.

Seek Counselling
Mr. Mohammed said recently that APYIN has continued to advise people in his category to come out of their shells and interface with like members of the public so as to draw strength for living. In a recent programme he called for more enlightenment and mass education especially regarding how to avoid contacting the virus, as well as how to prevent the spread of the infection by those already living with the virus. He advised people living with HIV/AIDS to come out and seek counselling.
HIV Counselling and Testing (HCT) is done in three distinct components: pre-test counselling before the blood is taken; taking of blood sample and test by using rapid test kits; and disclosure of result, counselling and referrals, depending on what the result shows. Provider Initiative HCT strategy is available to majority of government hospitals and patients are supposed to access the services free of charge! Thus HCT will help many know their status, aid in preventing HIV spread, accessibility to medical care if positive, get education for positive living, and it provides information and educates members of the public on prevention.

Treatment
An overview of the general situation reveals that the world has made tremendous progress since the early 1980s when the disease first broke out. The human toll worldwide has been grievous loss, with nearly 80 million infections and 35.4 million lives lost since the first cases were identified. But in the very recent past a greater achievement has been scored by the WHO and its allied agencies in the various regions – in arresting new infections and deaths. Also, According to Michel Sidibe – Executive Director United Nations HIV/AIDS agency (UNAIDS), Nigeria enrolled 1.3m HIV/AIDS victims on antiretroviral drugs in first quarter of 2017.
The Executive Director said, “Some countries continue to concern us, such as Nigeria which accounts for about half of all new infections in West Africa.” The report said almost three in five people infected with HIV, or 21.7 million globally, took antiretroviral therapy in 2017, a new record for anti-AIDS drug access. But recently there are still concerns owing to a number of factors. Last year for instance, there were about 36.9 million people living with the immune system-attacking virus, but of this number about 15.2 million were not able to access the drugs they needed, and according to UNAIDS report, this is the lowest number since the epidemic broke out.
The snag as situation stands now is that this progress may be under threat if funding is inadequate to meet the urgent needs as required. The agency thus warned that, “We are short $7 billion per year to maintain our results and to achieve our objectives for 2020.” For instance, only 40 percent of people living with HIV/AIDS in West and Central Africa have access to antiretroviral drugs (ARV). And very importantly, the authorities confirm that antiretroviral drugs are supposed to be given out FREE in Nigeria!

 

PharmaTimes

Comment Here

98 Comments

  • Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said
    “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell
    to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside
    and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  • I enjoy you because of all your hard work on this web site. My daughter really loves doing investigation and it is easy to see why. My spouse and i know all regarding the lively mode you convey advantageous secrets through the blog and as well encourage participation from website visitors on that topic so our own princess is actually starting to learn a great deal. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. You have been conducting a splendid job.

  • Thanks for some other magnificent article. The
    place else may just anybody get that type of info in such a perfect means of
    writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I am on the look for such info.

  • I have been browsing on-line greater than three hours as of late, but I
    by no means discovered any fascinating article like yours.
    It’s beautiful worth enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters and
    bloggers made good content as you did, the internet might be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  • Boeing also formed a four-member board committee to review its practices in repairing MAX models and other development projects. These include the 777X long-range jet scheduled for the first flight this year, which will be delivered as early as 2020; and a new mid-size jet to be launched next year.

  • Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any suggestions?

  • Hi! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My weblog looks weird when viewing from my iphone4. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to
    resolve this problem. If you have any recommendations, please share.
    Thanks!

  • I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog
    and was wondering what all is required to get set up?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% sure.
    Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated.

    Thank you

  • Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?

    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success.
    If you know of any please share. Thanks!

  • excellent post, very informative. I ponder why
    the opposite experts of this sector do not notice this.
    You must proceed your writing. I am confident, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  • Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog
    post or vice-versa? My site covers a lot of the same subjects as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other.

    If you are interested feel free to send me an e-mail.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog
    by the way!

  • I think that everything said made a ton of sense. However, what about this?

    what if you composed a catchier post title? I ain’t saying your information is not good, however suppose you added
    something that grabbed people’s attention? I mean HIV-Infected
    Babies in Nigeria, Highest In the World – PharmaTimes is a little plain. You ought to glance at Yahoo’s front page and see how they create article titles
    to get people to open the links. You might add a related video or a related pic or two to grab people excited
    about what you’ve got to say. In my opinion,
    it would bring your posts a little bit more interesting.

  • Thank you so much for providing individuals with a very breathtaking opportunity to read articles and blog posts from this blog. It can be very ideal plus jam-packed with a good time for me personally and my office colleagues to visit your site not less than thrice a week to study the new stuff you have. Not to mention, we are always motivated with all the amazing solutions you give. Certain 4 ideas in this article are easily the finest we have ever had.

  • Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Chrome.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but
    I figured I’d post to let you know. The layout look great though!
    Hope you get the issue solved soon. Thanks

  • I as well as my pals happened to be analyzing the great pointers on your site and then then developed a horrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the web site owner for them. Most of the women were definitely totally joyful to read them and have now without a doubt been making the most of them. Thank you for truly being quite considerate and for obtaining some superior issues most people are really desperate to understand about. My honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  • Howdy! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog.
    Is it hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I
    can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about creating my
    own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any points or suggestions?
    Appreciate it

  • I’m impressed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s equally educative and
    interesting, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the
    nail on the head. The problem is an issue that too few
    men and women are speaking intelligently about. I’m
    very happy I found this during my search for something
    regarding this.

  • Great work! This is the type of info that should be shared across the web.
    Disgrace on Google for no longer positioning this submit higher!
    Come on over and talk over with my website . Thank you =)

  • I as well as my pals were actually reviewing the nice helpful tips from your site while then came up with an awful suspicion I had not thanked the blog owner for them. Most of the people ended up certainly happy to study all of them and now have actually been having fun with these things. Many thanks for being well accommodating and then for opting for variety of nice subjects millions of individuals are really eager to know about. Our sincere regret for not saying thanks to earlier.

  • I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great.
    I do not know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger
    if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  • I believe that is among the most significant info for me.
    And i’m happy studying your article. But wanna
    remark on few common issues, The web site taste is wonderful,
    the articles is actually excellent : D. Good process, cheers

  • Thanks for another excellent post. The place else could anyone get that kind of
    information in such a perfect means of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the look for such information.

  • Hi! This post could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
    He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him.
    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  • May I just say what a comfort to uncover someone who genuinely knows what they’re talking about on the web.
    You definitely realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important.

    A lot more people have to read this and understand this side of your story.
    I was surprised you are not more popular since
    you definitely have the gift.

  • Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you
    access consistently quickly.

  • My partner and I stumbled over here by a different page and thought I may as well check
    things out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to
    going over your web page again.

  • Hi, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility
    issues. When I look at your blog site in Chrome, it looks fine but
    when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, awesome blog!

  • Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored at work
    so I decided to check out your website on my iphone during lunch break.
    I really like the information you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m surprised at how fast your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, superb site!

  • I and my pals happened to be viewing the great strategies from your website and then quickly came up with a horrible suspicion I had not thanked the website owner for those tips. The people were as a consequence thrilled to see them and have truly been taking advantage of them. Appreciation for actually being so accommodating and also for making a decision on variety of marvelous guides millions of individuals are really eager to know about. My honest regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  • When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is
    added I get several e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you
    can remove people from that service? Thank you!

  • Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared
    to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries
    that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the
    top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal.
    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  • My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a different web page and thought I should
    check things out. I like what I see so now i’m following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page again.

  • I precisely needed to thank you very much once more. I am not sure what I could possibly have sorted out without the entire suggestions revealed by you directly on that subject. This has been a very distressing dilemma in my view, however , looking at a new well-written way you treated it took me to cry over gladness. Now i am grateful for your guidance and hope you realize what a powerful job you’re putting in training people thru your webpage. Most probably you haven’t met all of us.

  • This design is spectacular! You definitely know how
    to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost
    moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Excellent job.
    I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how
    you presented it. Too cool!

  • What’s Happening i’m new to this, I stumbled
    upon this I’ve found It absolutely useful and it has aided me out loads.
    I hope to give a contribution & assist different users like its helped me.
    Great job.

  • Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article.
    I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of
    your useful information. Thanks for the post.

    I will definitely return.

  • Simply wish to say your article is as astonishing. The clearness in your post is just nice and i could
    assume you are an expert on this subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your
    feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the
    gratifying work.

  • Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyways, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!

  • Greetings from Florida! I’m bored at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during
    lunch break. I really like the knowledge you provide here and can’t wait to take a look
    when I get home. I’m shocked at how fast your blog loaded on my cell
    phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..
    Anyhow, excellent blog!

  • Hey I am so excited I found your weblog, I really
    found you by error, while I was looking on Askjeeve for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say cheers
    for a marvelous post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go
    through it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also
    included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
    to read a lot more, Please do keep up the great jo.

  • Simply desire to say your article is as astounding.
    The clearness on your publish is just great and that i could think you’re a professional on this subject.
    Fine with your permission let me to clutch your RSS feed to stay updated with impending post.
    Thanks a million and please keep up the rewarding work.

  • Its like you read my mind! You appear to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you can do with some pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that,
    this is magnificent blog. An excellent read. I’ll definitely be back.

  • Hello there, I found your web site by way of Google while searching for a comparable subject, your web site came up, it seems to
    be good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, just changed into alert to your weblog through Google, and
    found that it’s truly informative. I’m gonna
    be careful for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you happen to continue
    this in future. A lot of folks can be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  • I was suggested this website by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no
    one else know such detailed about my trouble. You’re wonderful!
    Thanks!

  • Hey I am so happy I found your web site, I really found you by error, while I was researching on Digg for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to
    say cheers for a remarkable post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t
    have time to read through it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it
    and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more,
    Please do keep up the fantastic jo.

  • I must express appreciation to the writer just for rescuing me from this particular crisis. Right after surfing around throughout the world wide web and coming across tips which were not powerful, I believed my life was well over. Being alive without the presence of strategies to the difficulties you have sorted out by way of your main blog post is a crucial case, and ones that might have negatively damaged my career if I hadn’t discovered your blog. Your own mastery and kindness in controlling every part was useful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a step like this. I am able to at this moment relish my future. Thank you so much for this high quality and effective help. I will not be reluctant to suggest your blog post to anyone who should get direction about this subject.

  • Great blog right here! Also your web site lots up very fast!
    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate hyperlink for
    your host? I desire my website loaded up as fast as yours lol

  • Heya i am for the primary time here. I came across this board
    and I in finding It really useful & it helped me out much.
    I’m hoping to offer one thing again and aid others like you helped me.

  • It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to
    be happy. I have read this put up and if I could I desire
    to counsel you some fascinating issues or advice. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article.

    I want to learn even more issues approximately it!

  • Somebody essentially assist to make severely articles I might state.
    That is the first time I frequented your website page and thus far?
    I surprised with the analysis you made to make this particular submit incredible.

    Excellent task!

  • Thanks for a marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you happen to
    be a great author. I will make certain to bookmark your
    blog and will eventually come back in the foreseeable future.
    I want to encourage you to ultimately continue
    your great writing, have a nice morning!

  • Having read this I thought it was rather informative.
    I appreciate you taking the time and effort to
    put this article together. I once again find myself spending
    a lot of time both reading and commenting. But so what,
    it was still worthwhile!

  • Thanks for all of the efforts on this blog. My mother delights in making time for research and it’s really obvious why. My partner and i know all concerning the lively tactic you render priceless steps through your blog and recommend contribution from other ones about this area of interest plus our simple princess has always been starting to learn a whole lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the year. You have been doing a splendid job.

  • I enjoy you because of all of your labor on this website. Kate really likes participating in investigation and it’s really easy to understand why. Almost all notice all concerning the powerful method you convey valuable information on this web blog and as well welcome participation from visitors on this issue and my child is always becoming educated so much. Take advantage of the rest of the year. You have been performing a stunning job.

  • I have to convey my admiration for your generosity for those people that absolutely need guidance on this important theme. Your real dedication to passing the solution around came to be definitely useful and have in every case encouraged employees much like me to arrive at their goals. Your own useful advice can mean this much a person like me and much more to my fellow workers. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.

  • I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.

    I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I am quite
    certain I’ll learn lots of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.