Have you ever had dandruff, with its white or oily flakes, all over your hair, shoulders and clothes (usually with an itchy scalp) .Indeed, you probably know that it can be a little embarrassing. Also, you might have an enviable hair that is thick and shiny and a wardrobe that is fashionable. But if you have dandruff, all of that may go unnoticed. Instead, the focus may be on those flakes lingering on your scalp.This is especially true for kids, teenagers and even adults who may already be self-conscious about their looks, Getting Rid of Dandruff.
Getting Rid of Dandruff
Dandruff is a common skin condition that causes white or grey flakes of skin to appear on the scalp and in the hair. It is probably the world’s most common hair problem. It is a common scalp disorder, one that affects almost half of the adult population regardless of gender or ethnicity.
Signs and Symptoms
Dandruff is usually characterised by larger, greasy or waxy flakes or clusters of yellowish grey skin cells. It is a condition usually accompanied by itching.
Types and Causes
- Not enough hair brushing: People who do not comb or brush their hair regularly have a slightly higher risk of having dandruff – this is because they are not aiding the shedding of skin that combing or brushing provides.
- Reaction to hair products: Some people react to certain hair care products with a red, itchy, scaling scalp. Many experts say that shampooing too often may cause dandruff as it can irritate the scalp.
- Dry skin: People with dry skin tend to get dandruff more often. Also, an over-heated room is a common cause of itchy, flaking skin. People with dandruff caused by dry skin tend to have small flakes of dandruff.
- Certain skin conditions: People with psoriasis, eczema, and some other skin disorders tend to get dandruff more frequently than other people.
- Weak Immune systems: Patients recovering from heart attacks and strokes and some people with weak immune systems may also have dandruff more often than other people.
- People with seborrheic dermatitis are very prone to dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis affects many areas of the skin, including the backs of the ears, the breastbone, eyebrows, and the sides of the nose. The patient will have red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis is closely linked with malassezia, a fungus that lives on everybody’s scalp and feeds on the oils that our hair follicles secrete.
- Not enough food nutrients: Some experts say that people who do not consume enough foods that contain zinc, B vitamins, and some types of fats are more prone to dandruff.
Prevention and Treatment
- The most effective way to get rid of the signs of dandruff is to use a good anti-dandruff shampoo. Anti-dandruff shampoos are specially formulated with active ingredients that tackle the causes and signs of dandruff in different ways. Also make sure you read the instructions that come with the shampoo before using it – to check if it’s suitable for you and see how often it should be applied.
- Also, simple things like properly managing your stress levels, eating a balanced diet, and getting enough sun can go a long way to preventing a snowfall every time the wind blows through your hair.
- Eating healthy is one way to treat dandruff. Research suggests that dandruff is at least in part, caused by a fungus that thrives in yeasty, fatty, sugary environments. Though this does not necessarily directly affect the conditions of your skin, your overall health will help with how your body responds to the fungus causing the dandruff.
- Regularly taking a comb or brush through your hair helps the scalp shed skin. It also helps to prevent dandruff and an oily scalp by spreading natural oils more evenly around the rest of your hair, reviving any dry strands. If you are still scratching and shedding after trying all of these measures, then, see your doctor. For really stubborn dandruff cases, you may need to use a prescription shampoo or topical medication.