Now, the place of sperms in reproduction is well known, and its importance cannot be overemphasised; but over the years a challenge has been observed by people the world over.
The woman is usually the one with the evidence of pregnancy as she is seen around with massive baby bumps which the man does not have to deal with. It is worthy of note that nearly half, if not more of the genetic code of babies are usually contained in the sperm. Asides the fact that the man is the major factor responsible for procreation, there are other interesting points people should get to know, such as the quality of sperm.
- The quality of foods consumed by a man tells either negatively or positively on the quality of Sperms he produces
According to scientific studies, choice and quality of foods consumed by people, men particularly, goes a long way in affecting their sperm production. What a man chooses to eat or the nature of foods available for consumption should therefore be healthy and rich as it tells on the health of his sperms. According to a research published in the Journal of Biology and Reproduction, 2011, it was discovered that the DHA component can to a very good extent improve sperm morphology.
This therefore means that a once round-headed sperm can become healthy with the right cone-shaped head, as well as full of important egg opening enzymes. An increase in DHA levels was shown to play a role in the fluidity for sperm tail bending and flexing required for forward movement of sperms. In a similar vein, another study showed that men who consumed 3 or more cups of coffee per day suffered a reduction in their sperm concentration and total sperm count, as well as a poor quality of sperm.
Citric Acid (Vitamin C) is currently believed to improve the quality of sperms of human males as well as protect sperms from DNA damage – helping to reduce chances of miscarriage and chromosomal problems. Vitamin C also appears to keep sperms from clumping together, making them more motile.
- The Sperm is Susceptible to Adulteration from Technological Gadgets and the likes
In the year 2012, Fertility and Sterility published the results of its findings on a study that has to do with the impact of wireless devices on sperm quality. Such wireless devices include the laptop, computers and mobile phones.
Researchers were out to see if laptop computers, Wi-Fi connections and more played any roles in decreasing sperm health. Previously, it was a widely held notion that the heat alone from a laptop computer may cause adverse effects to sperm health, but this new study shows that laptop computers connected to the internet through Wi-Fi damaged sperm through a non-thermal effect.
- Progesterone Gives Sperm Extra Energy to Penetrate the Egg
For pregnancy to take place, the sperm has got a lot of catching up to do with the egg right in the fallopian tube, considering its size. This requires energy too, and that’s not all as this is just a tip of the iceberg; it takes more than those for a sperm to give life to another, that is, procreation. Once sperms race to the egg which is also referred to as the ova, they work well enough to penetrate it.
Seeing sperm cells whipping their tails frantically makes it seem like it would be very tiring, but that is where progesterone comes in. The female progesterone helps in giving sperm cells energy which encourages the sperm to whip their tails more passionately; this helps a sperm to easily penetrate the egg. In year 2011, researchers discovered that a protein called catsper within sperm cells received signals from the release of progesterone; this is a clear picture of “team work”.
- The Sperm has an Unimaginable Potential
The Sperm has the potential (power) to melt the walls of the female egg (ova). This is usually achieved by the release of enzymes from a portion of the head (of the sperm cells) known as the acrosome; this is what is used in dissolving the outer membrane of the egg. This helps the sperm to dig through (burrow) the egg surface. The sperm plasma then fuses with the plasma membrane of the egg; at this point, the head of the sperm cell is disconnected from the tail, and then, the conception of a new life takes place.
- Poor Lifestyle Choices Negatively Impact Sperm Health
Unhealthy lifestyles and habits over time accumulate to lower male fertility, several studies show. It’s been revealed that men who smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol, consume caffeine and/or are obese have lowered fertility due to a negative impact of those on their sperm health.
Men who take to nicotine most often than not, were shown to have poor sperm morphology and motility. Studies equally found little differences in how much nicotine was used daily, just that any use at all had a higher incidence of negative impact. Men who drink alcohol regularly also have lower sperm motility and concentration. Males with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25 or greater were shown to have significantly more immotile sperm than men with a BMI less than 25. Obese men also have slower sperm and lower concentration of sperm than non-obese men.
- The Sperm Can Survive for Days
According to a research that was published in the book, Biology of Reproduction in the year 1984, sperm can survive for up to 5 days on the inside of a woman, and in consequence, outside its own home, if the woman’s body is under the right conditions. More commonly again, the sperm in some cases live for about 2 days; so be realistic and certain in timing if you are trying to conceive!
- Keep the sperm Cool
The testicles of an average man are about 7 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than the rest of the body. Healthier sperm according to research needs to be kept cooler than other parts of the body. The testicles to the sperm are just like a refrigerator which is responsible for the cooling of the sperm, creating a heat exchange from incoming and outgoing blood vessels. There are some men in the world today who heat their testicles above 108 degrees Fahrenheit, in order to cause themselves to become sterile; indeed, this is truly a male contraception method, though it sounds quite awkward.