PSN also tasked them to ensure steady availability of Amoxicillin Dispersible Tablet and co-pack Zinc-Low Osmolarity Oral Rehydration Salt for childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea in all health facilities at affordable prices.
Senior Programme Officer of PSN’s-Partnership for Advocacy in Child and Family Health (PSN-PACFaH) @Scale Project, Dr. Edwin Akpotor made the call in a media chat with reporters in Abuja.
According to him, the domestication of the treatment guideline, which has the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended protocol for the management of childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea, would ensure a drastic reduction of childhood mortality rate arising from these diseases.
Akpotor, who noted that childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea contributed 23 per cent of under five deaths in the country, identified Zamfara as having the highest early childhood mortality rate of 210 per 1,000 live births followed by Kano which accounted for 203 per 1,000 births, Jigawa 192 and Gombe 162 deaths per a thousand live birth respectively.
He said the situation was unacceptable hence the urgent need for star governments to domesticate and implement the guidelines especially at the grassroots.
He said: “2017 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) reveals Zamfara as having the highest early childhood mortality rate of 210 per 1,000 birth followed by Kano which accounted for 203 per 1,000 birth, Jigawa 192, Gombe 162 and Kebbi 174 per 1,000 deaths respectively “Others are Bauchi 161,Katsina 135, Sokoto 119, Taraba 105 and Yobe 102 per 1,000 live births thousand life birth respectively.
“As the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) has disseminated the National Treatment Guidelines (NSTG) and Nigeria Essential Medicine List (NEML) in North East and North Western States, I urge the respective governments to domesticate the two policy documents.
“They should also ensure the new guidelines for the management and treatment of childhood killer diseases pneumonia and diarrhoea are domesticated and implemented accordingly.
“Only Kaduna out of the seven states in the North West has domesticated the treatment guideline for childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea while none of the six states in North East having the highest burden of mortality has domesticated the document.
“We believe if all the states domesticate and fully implement this policy the high mortality, preventable and unacceptable mortality rate will drop drastically,” Akpotor said.