Tonsils and adenoids are composed of tissues similar to the lymph nodes or glands. Acute tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils caused by one of several types of bacteria or viruses Chronic tonsillitis is a persistent infection of the tonsils and can cause tonsil stone formation. Signs and symptoms of tonsil or adenoid infection include: Sore throat, Fever, Bad breath, Difficulty swallowing, Swollen lymph glands in the front of the neck Peritonsillar abscess is a collection of pus behind the tonsils. Obstruction to breathing by enlarged tonsils and adenoids may cause snoring and disturbed sleep patterns. Bacterial infections of the tonsils and adenoids are treated with antibiotics, viral infections are not. Tonsillitis and adenoid infections are diagnosed
Dr. Alison Cooke told the Royal College of Midwives conference she was 'astounded' when her study showed 'strong evidence' oil had an adverse effect on the development of skin barrier. She said: “I thought, What about the baby massage classes? They use these oils all the time. What are we going to do?” The oils break down into fatty acids which damage the skin's structure, allowing irritants to enter, and too much water to escape. This can lead to dryness, cracks and conditions such as eczema. She added: “To avoid harm to babies, until further research is available, those two topical oils – olive oil and sunflower oil – should not be recommended for treatment of dry skin or for baby massage.” While there was no clear evidence any product was safe, she said dermatologists recommended
They say parents are putting children at risk of developing eczema and other skin complaints by rubbing them with olive or sunflower oil because they believe the natural products are safe. Baby massage has become hugely popular among parents who find that gently stroking their child is soothing and helps them bond. It has also been said to help stimulate babies' brains and improve their digestion. But researchers from the University of Manchester have found that even natural oils used for baby massage can damage the protective barrier in babies' fragile skin. They warned that many other baby skincare products in shops had only passed cosmetic tests and there was no clinical evidence proving they were safe. Childhood eczema now affects nearly one in three children, compared to just one in...
Sweet in taste but sour for health, sugar intake has become a major concern in the United States, with numerous studies linking high sugar consumption to increased risk of obesity and related diseases. In an attempt to help tackle the problem, the American Heart Association has issued new recommendations for added sugar intake among children and adolescents. Added sugars are sugars and syrups - including fructose, glucose, and high-fructose corn syrup - that are added to foods and drinks during processing or preparation, mainly for taste and preservation. Given that added sugars are present in candy, cakes, soda, and many other foods and drinks that are attractive to children and teenagers, it is perhaps no surprise their sugar intake is so high. According to the Centres for Disease Con...
Breast milk provides the ideal nutrition for infants. It has a nearly perfect mix of vitamins, protein, and fat, and indeed everything your baby needs to grow. It's all provided in a form more easily digested than infant formula. Breast milk contains antibodies that help your baby fight off viruses and bacteria, Mama's Milk - You Need Know More. Making the decision to breastfeed is obviously a personal matter. It could also be influenced by health conditions, the decision of your healthcare providers, friends and family members’ opinions. Health professionals strongly recommend breast feeding begins within the first hour of a baby's life and continued as ‘often and as much as the baby wants.’ Mama's Milk - You Need Know More Methods of Breastfeeding Exclusive: It is an infant's c
Proper Dieting for Children Eating a healthy, balanced diet is important for everyone, but children in particular need to receive all of the necessary nutrients for growth and development. All parents want to see their children grow up to be healthy and happy, but often a combination of fussy eating habits and exposure to junk food advertisements can make it seem like an impossible task. Improper diet in childhood impacts your child’s heart health just as it leads to stunted growth. According to a new study, children who eat high-calorie, low-nutrient food, and avoid eating healthy are at risk of having poor heart health. Seven key health factors and behaviours are used to determine whether a child’s cardiovascular health is ideal such as, not using tobacco products, maintaining
Colic in its simplest sense is uncontrollable crying in an otherwise healthy baby. Your baby is considered colicky if he’s younger than 5 months old, and cries for more than three hours back to back on three or more days a week for at least three weeks consecutively. Colic isn't a disease and won't cause your baby any long-term harm, but it's a tough thing young parents go through alongside their babies, especially at night. Colic isn’t fun for babies at all, and it certainly is no fun for parents either. While there’s no guaranteed remedy that permanently stops the persistent cries of infants, doctors and paediatricians sometimes suggest the use of gripe water to parents who are desperate for respite, – something or just anything medicinal, and baby friendly that could help relieve a ba
It is not totally strange for children, especially younger ones to be diagnosed with depression and general anxiety. Depression and anxiety are two mood disorders that I would say work pari passu. This is because research has it that half the people diagnosed with depression are also diagnosed with anxiety disorders. As much as people and even children alike are often diagnosed with depression, there’s equally a possibility that the disorder could be treated. Relatives and parents of affected children are therefore expected to do everything within their abilities in seeing that their children or wards are nursed, as well as nurtured back to normalcy. We know adults are known more for depression, but our research will dwell on that of children. Sit back and read on as we let you into issues
Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria – Partnership For Advocacy in Child and Family Health, PSN-PACHFaH has taken advocacy visit to Kaduna State with focus on treatment of childhood diseases like pneumonia and diarrhoea. The PSN which is the implementing partner in the PACFaH project is also focusing on supporting and encouraging the government to reduce the under-5 mortality rate and improving health outcomes for childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea in Nigeria. The Nigerian country director, PSN-PACFaH, Mr Remi Adeseun and his team, who led the advocacy visit to the executive secretary, Kaduna State Primary Health Care Agency (KSPHCA), Dr Hadiza Balarabe Thursday in her office, disclosed that out of the 337,000 births recorded yearly in Kaduna State, 66,000 die before they reach the age of fi
Measles is an age-old disease; it is a highly infectious immunizable disease with potential for eradication, but is still responsible for high mortality among children, particularly in developing countries like Nigeria. Despite tremendous progress Nigeria is still responsible for the highest number of vaccine preventable deaths. Measles, also called rubeola, is caused by a virus. It causes a total-body skin rash and flu-like symptoms, including a fever, cough, and runny nose. It is attributed to a prolonged state of immune suppression commonly referred to as post measles anergy and 20 million cases happen worldwide every year. Once your baby has caught the measles virus, it can take about 10 days for him to show any symptoms. If you know that your baby has been exposed to the measles vir
Bisi Apata Pneumonia is a general term for lung infections that can be caused by a variety of germs (viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites). It is a very common disease affecting children but has received far less attention when compared to other diseases. Statistically, it is the second cause of death in children less than 5 years worldwide and more than 80% of such deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Often, pneumonia begins after an upper respiratory tract infection (an infection of the nose and throat), with symptoms starting after 2 or 3 days of a cold or sore throat. It then moves to the lungs. Fluid, white blood cells, and debris start to gather in the air spaces of the lungs and block the smooth passage of air, making it harder for the lungs to work well. Most forms of...
It's important to take bullying seriously and not just brush it off as something that kids have to "tough out." The effects can be serious and affect kids' sense of safety and self-worth. In severe cases, bullying has contributed to tragedies, such as suicides and school shootings. If your child is being bullied, you need to act to help stop it. There are ways to help your child cope with teasing, bullying, or mean gossip, and lessen its lasting impact. And even if bullying isn't an issue right in your house right now, it's important to discuss it so your kids will be prepared if it does happen. Parents can help kids learn how to deal with bullying if it happens. For some parents, it may be tempting to tell a kid to fight back. After all, you're angry that your child is suffering a...
It's important to take bullying seriously and not just brush it off as something that kids have to "tough out." The effects can be serious and affect kids' sense of safety and self-worth. In severe cases, bullying has contributed to tragedies, such as suicides and school shootings. Bullying is being mean to another person over and over again. Bullying often includes: Teasing Talking about hurting someone Spreading rumours Leaving them out on purpose Attacking someone by hitting them or yelling at them Bullying does not always happen in person. Today, there is also Cyber-bullying, which is a type of bullying that happens online or through text messages or emails. It includes posting rumours about people on sites like Facebook, sharing embarrassing pictures or videos of the
Children Health The benefits of orthodontic treatment include not only improved bite and straighter teeth but also improved self image and self esteem – a beautiful smile for a lifetime. NAO recommends that your child gets the first orthodontic check-up by the age of seven years. Also your child’s first visit to the dentist should be as soon as the first tooth appears or by the age of one year. At the age of seven years, it will be determined if there is a problem or if a problem is developing. Some orthodontic problems are easier to correct when discovered early. It saves time and future expenses when the appropriate treatment is recommended and started at the appropriate time. Most orthodontic treatment (braces) begins between the ages of nine and 14. Your orthodontist will advi
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Children’s Health Teeth injury in children: chipped or broken teeth As worrying as it might be for parents and the kids, chipped or broken teeth are quite common in kids. These teeth injuries can occur in children after a hard fall, a sporty kid who gets knocked in the mouth by a ball or one who crunches on hard chocolate. Sleeping children who aggressively grind their teeth, and even cavities that weaken the teeth, can also lead to chips or fractures. You should know that your child’s injury may be the loss of a baby tooth or a permanent (adult) tooth. The tooth can be fractured (broken or cracked) or chipped, and sometimes it may not even hurt. If a large piece of tooth breaks off, however, it will probably cause pain, and your child’s tongue may get cut against the sharp, jagged su