Although children take responsibility for taking their medications at different ages, involving parents, and where possible, children in decision making, is key to medicines optimisation, experts are saying today. Children are a complex group of patients, not only because of their differences in drug handling; they are also at greater risk of medication errors. Children and young people use accident and emergency (A&E) services more frequently than adults, and recurrent emergency admissions are common, especially for children with chronic conditions such as asthma and epilepsy. In 2015–2016, ten conditions accounted for 42% of all emergency admissions for children and young people in the UK, with the top three being viral infections, acute bronchitis and other upper respirato
Bed time routines are important for children regardless of age. A bed time routine consists of everything that you do with your child just before and up until the time you put him/ her to bed. Some of these include taking a bath, diaper change, reading a book, etc. Regular bedtime routines or schedules help us get the necessary sleep that we need which in turn helps us function at our optimum. For children a routine is very important, establishing and maintaining a good bed time routine helps your child fall asleep, stay asleep and wake up refreshed and fully rested. Having a good sleep routine not only helps you provide a structure that enables your child sleep well, it also provides the opportunity for you and your child to have a special time before going to bed. There are no har...
Paediatric researchers suggest that good sleep affects more than the mood of a child, it also affects the child’s health. According to recent findings sleep is as important as nutrition and exercise as it concerns the health of the child. It is during sleep that the body repackages neurotransmitters; these are chemicals that enable brain cells to communicate. Experts also say that sleep helps the body get rid of toxins in the body each night. A study conducted in Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia showed that the consequences of sleep deprivation are visible in children just after four nights of not getting adequate sleep. The senior author, Penny Corkum Ph. D. in an article on the magazine “Parents” stated that they expected to see some difference when children get inadequa
Adult depression has long been associated with shrinkage of the hippocampus, a brain region that plays an important role in memory and response to stress. Now, new research from Washington University in St. Louis has linked participation in team sports to larger hippocampal volumes in children and less depression in boys ages 9 to 11. “Our findings are important because they help illuminate the relationships between involvement in sports, volume of a particular brain region and depressive symptoms in kids as young as nine,” said Lisa Gorham, lead author of the study and a senior majoring in cognitive neuroscience in Arts & Sciences. “We found that involvement in sports, but not non-sport activities such as music or art, is related to greater hippocampal volume in both boys a
The debate on whether the use of the popular talcum powder causes cancer has refused to go away. Indeed, the use of talcum powder has become a controversial issue as growing evidence suggests that its use may be related to an increased risk of ovarian cancer. Talcum powder is made from talc, a mineral made up mainly of the elements magnesium, silicon, and oxygen. As a powder, it absorbs moisture well and helps cut down on friction, making it useful for keeping skin dry and helping to prevent rashes. It is widely used in cosmetic products such as baby powder and adult body and facial powders, as well as in a number of other consumer products. In its natural form, some talc contains asbestos, a substance known to cause cancers in and around the lungs when inhaled. While mesothe...
Arguably, these days many children eat fast foods. Many children and families today have busy schedules. These make it hard to sit down to homemade meals every day. Many kids’ diets involve a lot of convenience and takeaway foods. But these foods can be unhealthy. Do you know that how your child eats today can have a huge impact on their health throughout adolescence and adulthood? Diet and nutrition are key factors in the health and growth of a child. Children require lots of nutrients to help their bodies develop all the necessary functions and tissues they need, and the quality (or lack thereof) of these nutrients can have a big impact on health. It is important to remember that your kids are not born with a craving for “French fries” and “pizza”. This conditioning happens ov
The idea that race or class determines brain power has been debunked after a seven-year global study found babies can thrive regardless of their background. The research, by the University of Oxford, used data from more than 1,000 children worldwide to try and settle the nature versus nurture debate for good. Professor Stephen Kennedy, the co-director of the Oxford Maternal and Perinatal Health Institute said: “At every single stage we’ve shown that healthy mothers have healthy babies and that healthy babies all grow at exactly the same rate. “It doesn’t matter where you are living, it doesn’t matter what the colour of your skin is, it doesn’t matter what your race and ethnicity is. Receiving decent medical care and nutrition is the key.’ The INTERGROWTH-21st P
We hear all sorts of things about sugar: that it is bad, and also that it is not bad after all. I have heard people say that it doesn’t matter if you give children soft drinks as they sometimes need sugar to boost their energy levels. Nowadays you find kids at home and school parties not only gulping soft drinks, while also eating loads of sugar sweetened foods under the watch of parents. The last thing a child needs is to add to their sugar intake through fruit juices, sodas and ice cream among other sweetened foods. It is tempting always for parents to reward good behaviour by giving treats of sweets to kids. Kids love sugar, but consuming too many foods and beverages with added sugar, puts kids at risk of obesity and other health-related problems. Like many parents, you ma
The sleeping position of new infants is a very important issue for new parents. This is largely due to the fact that wrong sleeping positions in infants or new-borns can sometimes lead to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Most times, SIDS is caused by suffocation or strangulation. Hence, knowing the right sleeping position that can prevent SIDS is indeed necessary. While sleeping on the stomach is a really cute position for babies, it’s not the healthiest. In fact, experts describe it as a highly unsafe position for sleeping because it entails the following risks: • This position could place some pressure on the baby’s jaws and block the airways making it difficult for the baby to breathe. • It places the baby’s nose very close to the mattress. This could easily re
A Minna-based nutritionist, Niger,Mrs Amina Isah has urged men to be more supportive to their wives during lactation (breastfeeding) period saying that such had a huge psychological role to play on mother and child. Isah said in an interview in Minna on Monday, that supportive husbands tended to reduce stress from lactating mother. She said that stress could certainly lead to minimal flow of the breast milk and cause the lactating mother to spend more time breastfeeding at any given time. “Stress can certainly slow the flow as long as a mother continues to nurse her baby; stress is likely to stop her milk production. “Breastfeeding reduces negative moods and stress, mothers nursing their babies can actually be assisted by their husbands to get over a stressful tim
A Paediatrician, Dr Uche Anene-Nzelu, says malnourishment can cause severe issues for children including malaria, measles and pneumonia. Anene-Nzelu, who works at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Idi-Araba, spoke with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Friday in Lagos. According to her, malnutrition occurs when a child does not take adequate nutrition required by the body.She said that malnourishment could create an additional problem and burden for the child already suffering from malnutrition. The paediatrician also told NAN that malnutrition in children could start from when the mother was pregnant, saying that when this occurs, some organs of the child’s body could be at risk of not developing properly. “The impact is more from when the mother is
Dr Simon Abraham, a general medical practitioner, has said that children are not immune to hypertension. Abraham told News men on Saturday in Abuja that the youth could also be hypertensive. “I have seen a three-year-old child who has hypertension – a secondary hypertension. He said that the disease could be primary or secondary. The medical practitioner said that primary hypertension could be through inheritance or intake of too much salt. According to him, 80 per cent of the causes of secondary hypertension are not known, making it to be referred to as essential hypertension. He told NAN that secondary hypertension could be as a result of kidney disease or diseases in other vital organs. He said that about 20 per cent of hypertensive people belonged to the
The University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, UPTH, has recorded success in In-Vitro Fertilization, IVF, after two years of establishment of the department. The Institution said it had launched the IVF unit in 2017 and two years later produced a male child through the IVF procedure. The Chief Medical Director of UPTH, Prof. Henry Ugboma, stated that the success was recorded based on efforts of the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department headed by Dr. Preys Fiebai and the Assistant Conception Unit, headed by Prof. John Ikmalo. He said: “We are proud of this noble achievement. This success story started since 2017, when I was heading that unit. I am happy that we successfully recorded this IVF conception and delivery. “We still have many others who are pregnant no
Dr Tunde Aromire, a consultant gynecologist with Hope Hospital in Osogbo has called on nursing mothers to make exclusive breastfeeding a priority in order to reduce infant mortality. Aromire made the called in an interview with newsmen on Friday in Osogbo. The gynaecologist said that exclusively breastfed babies had a lower risk of gastrointestinal infection than a formula (infant milk) fed baby. How you can safely ignore sell-by dates on foods Aromire also said that exclusive breastfeeding always help the babies regain weight lost at birth. According to him, exclusive breastfeeding also helps them to quickly recover from infection, cold and also protect them from sickness. He said the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended six months exclusive breastfeeding ...
In recent decades medical experts have continued to emphasise the importance of breastfeeding babies, and correctly too. According to recent studies, experts say it’s not until the age of two and a half before a child can develop vigorous gut bacteria with very little change occurring afterwards. This therefore goes to establish the importance of breastfeeding, leading to transfer of good gut bacteria to infants in their very early lives. The team of researchers working in the UK Newcastle University has through their study established that the bacterium, Bifidobacterium is plentiful in breast milk, and soon began to reduce speedily as soon as breastfeeding was brought to an end. Also, this new study published in the journal Nature, till date happens to be among the largest clinic