Pneumonia is a respiratory disease characterised by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by germs or irritants. Thus it is a general term for lung infections that can be caused by a variety of germs (viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites). It is a very common disease affecting children but not much attention has been devoted to it in comparison to other ailments, experts believe. Research shows that pneumonia is the second cause of death in children less than 5 years worldwide, and more than 80% of such deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Over and over again, pneumonia begins after an upper respiratory tract infection (an infection of the nose and throat), with symptoms starting after 2 or 3 days of a cold or sore throat; it then moves to t...
Bauchi- It has been observed that Nigerian households spend over $38 million equivalent to 11 billion naira on breastmilk substitutes annually, costing workers up to 34% of their minimum wage earning to pay economy brand infant formula for the first two years . This was an outcome of a two days media dialogue for world breastfeeding month, with theme,” Breastfeeding, foundation for life” organized by the Jigawa Primary Health Care Development Agency in collaboration with UNICEF, Bauchi Field office with funding from the UK Aid and supported by Department for international development, DFID, held at the central hotel in Kano state. The meeting was facilitated by the UNICEF Communication Officer Bauchi office,Mr Samuel Kaalu, UNICEF Nutrition Specialist, Philomena Irene and Executive Secre
A voice for children and adults living with Autism: this is the catchphrase for the annual Orange Ribbon Initiative of GTBank, an awareness campaign as well as stakeholders’ engagement that brings together a number of coordinators and facilitators. Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a range of conditions characterised by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech and nonverbal communication, as well as unique strengths and differences. The whole gamut of wide ranging conditions is what experts mean by the term spectrum; the conditions reflect the wide variation in challenges and strengths possessed by each person with autism. Hence experts now say there is not one autism but many types - caused by different combinations of genetic and environmental infl
To save a mother and a baby comes down to two unlikely innovations—a wrist band that monitors a baby’s temperature and a balloon that stops bleeding after childbirth. In the first four weeks of like, a child’s risk of death is nearly 15 times greater than any other time before their first birthday, according to the World Health Organisation. At least four out of every 10 deaths among children aged under five are among children in their first 28 days of life. Babies with hypothermia have a doubled risk of dying, compared to others. Neonatal hypothermia is a leading contributor to these deaths. It prompts support for kangaroo care, holding a newborn to the chest to keep warm. But a bracelet on your baby’s wrist that continuously monitors temperature and alerts when the baby is not warm e
Babies are generally very fidgety, and it is quite common for them to fall off a bed while napping or sleeping. If this happens, it is essential to assess the situation calmly and to look carefully for signs of injury. Even though it can be frightening, a fall from a bed does not usually cause any serious harm. However, injuries are possible, so caregivers should be aware of signs indicating that a baby needs a medical check after a fall. Read on for information on what to do if a baby falls, the possible injuries that it can cause, and how to care for them afterward. What to do first When a baby or toddler falls off a bed, it is vital to remain calm and quickly assess the situation. Immediately call your Physcian without picking the baby up if: When a baby or toddler falls off a bed...
In a bid to tackle abuse of children and aid those who have been abused get help, the Jose Foundation, a non-governmental organisation, has developed a mobile application for children. The Country Representative of the Foundation, Mrs Eunice Pius said that the application, “CSE App” that it enables children who are sexually exploited report and get help. Pius made this known at workshop titled “Elimination of Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) in Nigeria” organised by the foundation in Abuja. She explained that there is a challenge of not reporting cases of child sexual abuse by families of victims for cultural or social reasons. The rep said that the foundation intends to end child sexual abuse in the country by 2030. She said every six out of 10 girls have been abused and that the foun
In a bid to interrupt measles transmission in parts of Borno State and to boost the vulnerable population’s immunity in newly accessible areas, the World Health Organisation is providing technical and financial support to the state health authorities to implement a selective measles vaccination campaign. The four-day exercise targets more than 200, 000 children aged between six months and 15 years living in recently accessed locations across nine local government areas of the state. The LGAs are Magumeri, Nganzai and Damboa where suspected outbreaks of measles were reported in April 2018. Other LGAs include Bama, Dikwa, Gwoza, Kukawa, Kala Balge and Ngala where large numbers of children who have not been vaccinated since 2014 are resettling. WHO already trained and deployed 219 v
Obviously, growing old reminds you of the important need to begin to look into your health and reorder you lifestyle. But even at that, your teenage years are equally as vital for you to address those important health needs as they crop up. Dr. Karen Browner-Elhanan is an expert in adolescent medicine, and readily offers vital tips on how young adults can maintain a vibrant health strategy. Tips for adolescent health Your overall health goes beyond your physical, mental, emotional and behavioural well-being. It is very important you do all that is within your capacity to stay healthy. But experts say there are particular issues that teenagers are expected to take particular note of. While we all should do what we can to stay healthy, there are some things teens should pay special attent...
A brain-imaging study has confirmed the notion that infants can accurately track other people’s beliefs, and they have the ability to know other people’s mental states. The study at the University of Illinois (UI), posted on the university’s website, showed that when seven-month-old infants viewed videos of an actor who saw or failed to see, an object being moved to a new location, they had changing activities in a brain region known to play a role in processing others’ beliefs, just like adults watching the same videos. “This suggests that the infant brain, like that of adults, may distinguish when others hold true and false beliefs,” said UI psychology professor Daniel Hyde, who led the study. UI researchers used the same brain-imaging methodology of looking at activity in the temp
Kebbi State, one of the states with the highest rates of new-born mortality (under the age of five) in the country, has been rated as one of the states with the highest rates in the world. The state records 32,514 deaths of children under the age of 5 annually. Following this, the state has been rated fourth by the United Nations’ International Education Fund (UNICEF) on the index of places with the highest infant mortality rates. The Chief of Health ,UNICEF, Dr.Sanjana Bhardwaj stated this during a one-day technical consultative meeting on health sector in Birnin Kebbi, the state capital. “The state is one of the highest in Nigeria, with a record of 32,514 children under the age of 5 dying yearly,” she said. She said, considering the steady drop in Nigeria’s mortality rate, the is
Pregnant women who take paracetamol are up to 30 per cent more likely to have children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), new research suggests. The common painkiller, which is also known as acetaminophen, also raises children’s risk of autism by up to 20 per cent, a study found. The findings were published in the American Journal of Epidemiology. Study author Dr. Ilan Matok, from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, said: “Our findings suggest an association between prolonged acetaminophen use and an increase in the risk of autism and ADHD.” Although it is unclear how the drug causes ADHD or autism, paracetamol has previously been linked to communication problems and reduced Intelligent Quotients (IQs) among children whose mothers took the medication while expect
In Africa, the plumpness of a child is usually seen as a sign of good living, when these children may not actually be healthy. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges in this century, and it is steadily on the rise - affecting many low and middle income countries in the world. In 2016, the number of overweight children, under the age of five was estimated to be over 41 million. One quarter of those children live in Africa. Obesity can be defined as the abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. Most obesity is caused by excessive daily caloric intake relative to daily caloric expenditure. Experts say excessive caloric intake is most common with poor food quality choices, for example, fast foods - which are high in fat and sugar cal...
The Federal Government has launched a New Paediatrics Anti –TB Drug for Children to commemorate the 2018 World TB Day which is marked on March 24th of every year. Briefing the press at the occasion in Abuja, Minister of Health, and Prof. Isaac. Adewole said that President Muhammad Buhari places high premium on health, with TB being its priority, Adewole said the President is poised to see that TB is completely eradicated in Nigeria, noting that all hands must be on deck to report suspected cases of TB both in children and Adult. The theme of this year’s World TB Day “Find and notify all TB cases while the slogan is “Wanted Leaders for a TB – free Nigeria” the theme was carefully selected to enable us build on our current achievements”. The Minister informed. He further informed that
As part of activities to mark its 50th anniversary, the Nigerian Optometric Association (NOA) has concluded plans to offer free quality eye care services to over 40,000 children nationwide. At the launch of the Corporate Social Responsibility, CSR, the national president of the association, Dr Damian Echendu, said the initiative was to help in correcting errors of refraction aimed at improving eyesight and also to reduce avoidable blindness among children. He said the initiative “My Sight, My Right” is a Corporate Social Responsibility project of Nigerian Optometric Association targeted at increasing access to free and comprehensive eye examination. Echendu in a statement made available to journalists after the launch of the initiative in Owerri, the Imo State capital, recently sa
Force-feeding is dangerous to children, United Nations Children Education Fund’s (UNICEF’s) Nutritionist, Dr Ada Ezeogu, has said. Ezeogu, who disclosed this at UNCEF’s Akure Office in Ondo State, said force-feeding, which means putting food in the throat of a child forcefully ‘’is dangerous and can either make the child be under-fed or choked with food or can lead to the child’s death”. Ezeogu said though some mothers, who practise force-feeding have good intentions, the act does more harm than good. “While most parents, especially mothers, who force-feed their children do so to ensure that their children get enough nourishment, it does more harm than good. Rather than force or threaten a child to eat, it is up to you to get creative and find ways to make the child look forward to