Say cheese! That is the most widely used confirmation call used by people to inform any photographer that they are ready to have their picture taken. The purpose of saying cheese is so that your teeth will be visible, giving the appearance of a smile. Imagine this scenario: you are in the front row, getting ready for the end of year school album photo-shoot. If you have a bad dental hygiene habit, giving that “cheese smile” will be difficult. A bright smile and healthy teeth are the results of good dental care habits. As you may know, plaque build-up is usually the cause of gum disease. If you don’t remove plaque in time it can cause tooth decay, bad breath and discoloured teeth. Furthermore, maintaining proper dental hygiene can prevent serious medical problems and help you keep your t
Having a smelly mouth can be greatly embarrassing. As a result, nobody wants to have bad breath. According to experts, our mouth is a window into what is going on in the rest of your body, often serving as a helpful vantage point for detecting the early signs and symptoms of systemic disease a disease that affects or pertains to your entire body. However, the good news is that for the most part with proper dental care, bad breath can be avoided. Studies have shown that hundreds of bacteria live in our mouths and some of them on the tongue or below the gum-line or in pockets created by gum disease between gums and teeth. Good oral and dental hygiene can help prevent bad breath, tooth decay and gum disease and can help you keep your teeth as you get older. Some of the causes of bad breath f...
Healthcare practitioners have been charged to exhibit managerial skills to face daunting challenges confronting healthcare system in sub-Sahara Africa. Making the call during the a week-long Residence Training Programme for Health Leaders and Managers in West Africa organised by the Lagos Business School, LBS, in collaboration with the Management Development Institute, MDI, Professor of Strategic Management at Lagos Business School, Chris Ogbechie, urged them to implement and improve national healthcare priorities and systems. In his remarks, Ogbechie said Africans have several issues with their health system. He noted that brain drain, poor health facilities, Africans seeing health as a social intervention and as such, should be free are some of the challenges confronting Africa, hence t...
…promises higher rate of insecticidal net distribution in Edo The Edo State Governor, Mr. Godwin Obaseki, has called for sustained effort by scientists, health workers and governments across the globe in championing the fight against malaria since the discovery that female mosquitoes are responsible for spread of the ailment between humans. The governor said this in commemoration of the World Mosquito Day celebrated across the world in honour of Sir Ronald Ross’s discovery that female mosquitoes are responsible for transmission of the disease between humans. Obaseki said that efforts to curb the malaria scourge has recorded impressive result in Edo State, following the aggressive distribution of insecticidal nets across the state, pledging to exceed the previous distribution fi
Contrary to beliefs, Staphylococcus aureus is not a sexually transmitted infection but vital for every woman’s private part, a medical doctor said on Monday. “A certain amount of it should be there for that place to function well,’’ Dr Tochukwu Egwuonwu said in Lagos. Egwuonwu, who works with the Samaria Hospital, Ago, Lagos State, said that staphylococcus aureus was a bacterium found in human body. “Some bacteria such as staphylococcus aureus is found everywhere in the human body. It will be good for people to know that; especially women. “That it is everywhere is not the issue; it is when in a particular organ or in the body in an amount harmful to the body that it becomes an issue,’’ Egwuonwu said. The doctor said that the bacterium helped to balance the private part’s potential of hyd
The Federal Government has put in place strategies to improve the health of adolescents and young people in Nigeria. The Minister of Health, Prof. Isaac Adewole, disclosed this in Abuja, during a five-day stakeholders’ meeting on Health and Development of Adolescents and Young People in Nigeria, organised by the Ministry of Health in partnership with World Health Organisation, WHO. Represented by the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Health, Mr. Abdulaziz Abdullahi, Adewole said the meeting was a reflection of the ministry’s commitment to ensure significant improvement of health and wellbeing of adolescents and young people in the country. He said adolescence is a period of transition between childhood and adulthood, aged 10-24. A rapid growth in the country’s population results
…70% have no identity, legally they don’t exist — UNICEF A UNICEF report entitled: Generation 2030 which did the ranking also revealed that among the 10 countries contributing significantly to the region’s immense population increase in absolute terms between 2015 and 2050, Nigeria will have additional 257 million inhabitants followed closely by Ethiopia with 89 million and Democratic Republic of the Congo with 84 million. Already, according to the report, the greatest number of births in Africa takes place in Nigeria and by the end of 2015, one fifth of the continent’s births were in Nigeria alone, accounting for five per cent of all global births. From 2015 to 2030, 136 million births are estimated to take place in Nigeria, which is 19 per cent of all African babies and 6 per cent of
The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, NAFDAC, last week destroyed a variety of counterfeit, fake, expired and unwholesome products including controlled drugs such as codeine containing cough syrup and tramadol, at the Bajoga Road Dump Site in Gombe, Gombe State. A statement issued by the Agency weekend said the destroyed products, valued at N464,731,552, included antibiotics, anti hypertensive, antiretroviral, cancer drugs, antimalarials, herbal remedies, tomato paste, non-alcoholic beverages, maize flour, insecticides etc. The statement said the destruction which was supervised by a NAFDAC team led by the Zonal Coordinator of the North East Zone, Pharmacist Sabo Adamu, who represented the Director General of the Agency, Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye to destroy the pr...
A multinational research team has identified the genes responsible for inherited breast cancer in Nigerian women, according to the study published in the 21 August issue of the Journal for Clinical Oncology. “This is the first study to use high-throughput genomic analysis of African women,” said study author Olufunmilayo Olopade, MD, Walter L. Palmer Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine and Human Genetics, director of the Center for Clinical Cancer Genetics and associate dean for Global Health at the University of Chicago. “Based on state-of-the-art genomic technologies, two things were clear,” added co-author Mary-Claire King, PhD, American Cancer Society Professor of Medicine and Genome Sciences at the University of Washington in Seattle. “Risks to Nigerian women who carry mutat
Having fever is not bad after all. Scientists in a new study are saying that infectious fever makes our bodies more resilient to cancer by increasing and strengthening a particular group of cells in the immune system. The finding may exist for now at a theoretical stage, but it is being touted as one route to immunotherapy against cancer. For decades, studies have suggested that there is a link between history of infectious fever and lower risk of cancer — but there is no direct proof of cause. However, in the paper now published in the journal The Quarterly Review of Biology, scientists from Nicolaus Copernicus University in Poland argue that there is a strong case for their hypothesis. They are not the first to propose that the immune system increases resilience to cancer each time t
On World Mosquito Day, theU.S. Government says it has reached 570 million people in 24 “malaria endemic” countries with malaria treatment and prevention services. NAN reports that World Mosquito Day, observed annually on Aug. 20, is a commemoration of British doctor Sir Ronald Ross’s discovery in 1897 that female mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans. Ross is responsible for the annual observance, having declared shortly after his discovery that the day should be known as World Mosquito Day in the future. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) on its official Twitter handle on Monday, stated that it had been able to reach countries through the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI). Using the #WorldMosquitoDay, the USAID added that malaria “is the leading cau
In modern society, prolonged sitting is now the norm; at the office, watching television: our lives are easily filled with physical inactivity.The negative health consequences of sedentary living are also growing clearer. But a newly published meta-analysis has discovered that even short breaks from prolonged sitting can reduce some of the adverse metabolic effects associated with it. Short stints of low-level activity can make a real difference. As Dr. Meredith Peddie, co-author of the new study, explains, “Most of us spend about 75 percent of our day sitting or being sedentary, and this behaviour has been linked to increased rates of diabetes, cardio-vascular disease, some cancers and overall mortality. The exact reasons why prolonged sitting is so unhealthful are not fully known, but
Rice consumers in Nigeria should check rice bags for expiry date as they may have turned toxic, unfit for human consumption. In Kenya, a staggering one million bags of toxic rice, along with 400 containers of substandard cooking oil, have been impounded by detectives. The rice bags and the cooking oil were seized in the port city of Mombasa. The rice was past the expiry date by three years. A team of detectives working on a report compiled by Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM) and government agencies, including National Intelligence Service (NIS), seized the goods last month. According to the Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI), the rice, originally from Pakistan, had been condemned as unfit for human consumption but somehow found its way into Kenya. In addition, the Ke...
One of the fundamental problems affecting millions of Nigerians is inexplicable, lack of access to safe sources of water supply. According to the Minister of Water Resources, Suleiman H. Adamu, an engineer, “recent statistics show that only 69 per cent of our population has access to improved water supply from all sources. For piped water, the situation has been on the dramatic decline from 32 per cent in 1990 to 7 per cent in 2015. The case of sanitation is even worse as only 29 per cent of the population has access to improved sanitation.” While we may not look at the validity of the data, it is obvious that access to potable water and improved sanitation has markedly declined in the country. It is a reproach. Poor access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) has implications, espec
Haematemesis is simply defined as “vomiting blood”. It is caused by bleeding from part of the upper portion of the gastrointestinal tract. Hematemesis is a very dangerous condition in which a person bleeds internally, and vomits blood as a result. Vomiting blood can be a frightening experience, but in some cases it may be triggered by minor causes. This includes swallowing blood from a mouth injury or from a nosebleed. These minor causes will likely not cause you any long-term harm. Vomiting blood may also be caused by more serious conditions such as internal injuries, organ bleeding, or organ rupture. It has a wide range of possible causes, depending on the site of blood loss and the tissue that is actively bleeding. Indeed, patients with haematemesis can present in a number of clinica